Archivo de la etiqueta: Literature

Making connections: Bullying

In this entry of the E-Portfolio I will talk about the activity «making connections» that we did.

This activity consisted of 3 tasks, all relating to some work and research we had done on bullying so far. Until then, we had:

  • Read some articles on bullying
  • Read The Doll’s house and analyzed it
  • Watched some music videos on said topic

With all this information, now we had to connect it and analyze how the various sources and discussions we had relate to one another.

This is my activity:

Task 1

What connections can you make between the story “A Doll’s House” and the articles you have read. (Quote to prove ideas)

“And I’m to choose who’s to come and see it first. Mother said I might.”

 “Lil gasped, then she said, ‘Your ma told our ma you wasn’t to speak to us.’”

I think the article “Why children become bullies at school” explains very well the behaviors we see in the Burell’s. The article claims that one part of why children become bullies is because they imitate their parents’ social interactions. For example, if they see their parents making fun of other people, it will be normalized to them, translating into bullying. It also says that children might become bullies because it is what is expected of them from their mates. I don’t think this is the case in The Doll’s House.

In the story, when one of the Burrells talks to Lil, she replies ‘Your ma told our ma you wasn’t to speak to us.’. This clearly shows how Mrs. Burrell promotes bullying, and her children eventually pick up on it. Also, we can see this attitude in Isabella, “And I’m to choose who’s to come and see it first. Mother said I might.”. We can see how Mrs. Burrell has no problem letting her daughter discriminate against others and promote differences in popularity and hierarchy.

Task 2

Insert the video of the song chosen.

-What is the theme?

Bullying and prejudice

-Mention 3 lines, phrases that you like, and say why?

  • “got nothin’ in my brain / That’s what people say” I like this phrase because she first states that she has nothing in her brain as a fact, but then clarifies that “that’s what people say” It represents that not because people say things they are true.
  • “And the haters gonna hate” I like this phrase because it is such a great simplification of life, and it almost sounds stoic-ish. Haters gonna hate, acknowledge that, and it won’t bother you as much anymore.
  • “Just think while you’ve been getting down and out about the liars and the dirty, dirty cheats in the world / You could have been getting down to this sick beat” This phrase sounds almost childish, but I think that is, in part, what makes it so good. Children don’t overthink about all the bad in the world, they don’t get stuck in knowing there are mean people. They, many times, just don’t care and move on, and this is exactly what that part conveys. Why would you waste your time thinking about the bad people when you could have been enjoying some music instead? Maybe, living like children is the key to happiness…

-Which literary term predominates? What is the effect on the audience?

By far, the most present literary devices in this song are repetition and rhyming. This creates an effect of focus from the audience. By getting the audience to focus on these rhymes (by repetition), she puts into action the whole point of the song, which is what makes it so genius. For the length of the song, you are not thinking about bullies, evil, bad people, “the cheats of the world”, you are, literally, shaking those off.

Task 3

Write your opinion on the topic in 3 lines.

I think bullying and popularity are both issues very hard to deal with. People will claim that bullying is an important part of growing up, and getting through it gives you power for the future. However, I think we should be taught those tools and bullying should be utterly prohibited.

I definitely think I gave my best effort on this assignment, in fact, I actually quite enjoyed it. My approach, especially on task 2, was to analyze as deep as I could a song that at first listen would seem rather superficial and not meaningful. This is what I think I did best in this assignment, as I work best when I can apply a more subjective to an issue and provide my own opinion and thought process, which is why I would also say that these kind of activities are the ones I work best on.

I think the information, sources, links, etc. that Pat provided were extremely useful and offered very good points of view. I think the objective of this project was to widen our knowledge and understanding of the problem that is bullying. I’d say that I achieved the objective because I would be able to discuss the problem from varied point of views and understand them well.

A view from the bridge chart


Character Quotation Explanation Effect on readers
Rodolpho 1)If in my hands I take a little bird. And she grows and wishes to fly. But I will not let her out of my hands because I love her so much, is that right for me to do?

2)I am furious! Goes to her. Do you think I am so desperate?[…]You think I would carry on my back a woman that I didn’t love just to be an American? It’s so wonderful? You think we don’t have talk building in Italy? Electric lights? No wide streets? No automobiles? Only work we don’t have. I want to be an American so I can work, that is the only Wonder here-work! How can you insult me, Catherine?

1)What Rodolpho means here is that he wouldn’t ruin a life for love. If you love someone, let them be happy no matter what. That’s what love is about.

2)Rodolpho feels insulted by Katie. He feels like Catherine thinks that she is the prize for the immigrant who escaped from Italy. He feels that Catherine insults Italy and says that USA is much better. He says that the only thing they don’t have in Italy is jobs. And that he wouldn’t carry a woman just to be american. Because that wouldn’t be love, but an insult towards his country.

1)Rodolpho is very mature, he understands what is and what is not love. He struggles to make Katie, an innocent, immature girl understand.

2)This again clearly shows us Rodolpho’s maturity. He clearly understand (again) how love and life in general work. He loves his country. This is a very shocking moment in the play as we are revealed a big part of the young Italian’s personality.

Eddie 1)Pack it up. Go ahead. Get your stuff and get outta here. Catherine instantly turns and walks towards the bedroom, and Eddie grabs her arm. Where you going?

2)He reaches out suddenly, draws her to him, and as she strives to free herself he kisses her on the mouth.

1) Eddie is sick of Rodolpho. He is jealous of him and wants him to go back to Italy, dead or alive. He wants Katie for herself, and that is impossible with Rodolpho in the way.

2)This quote confirms what we already suspected from Eddie. He sees Katie as a woman and not his daughter.

We are really shocked in this scene, as everything we suspected and wished not to happen, happens, and Eddie unleashes his anger in Rodolpho

2) This moment is of total epiphany as Eddie not only confirms his not correspondencia love for Katie, but puts it in action.

Catherine 1)Well, you’re always saying it’s so beautiful there, with the mountains and the ocean and all the –

2) I’m afraid of Eddie here.

1)In this quote Catherine proves her innocence. She believes Italy is just beautiful trees. She just doesn´t understand more mature stuff, like the crisis Italy was going through.

2)Catherine realized that Eddie was  behaving suspiciously. She knows that he is up to something, but doesn’t know what.

1)Catherine’s speech makes us desperate. We are almost in the climax, and she still doesn’t know what is going on.

2)This is another epiphanic moment. We get really surprised because after all, Catherine can think, and she is not so much of the ignorant girl we knew.


Act 1

Act 1.

1)“Where you goin’ all dressed up?…What happened to your hair?” Are Eddie’s remarks to Catherine compliments or criticisms? Explain your answer


Eddie’s remarks are critics. He is being passive-aggressive about the way Katie dresses. He doesn’t want her to dress up nicely as she doesn’t like man watching her, especially Rodolpho


2) What do Eddie’s comments on Catherine’s current behaviour suggest about his relationship with her?


He loves her. Too much. He got to a point in which he is strangely attached to her and believes no man is worth of her love. He doesn’t like the way he dresses, walk, or just IS around men.


3) To what extent does Eddie send Catherine mixed messages by his contradictory language, telling her on the one hand ‘You’re a baby’s and on the other hand ‘You’re getting to be a big girl now’?

Eddie is telling that she is a baby and at the same time that she is grown up. His confuses Catherine and makes her act like a baby while thinking like an adult. An example of this is when we find out that Catherine walks in her panties around Eddie as if she were a baby, while she wants to be let to go to work.


4)What is revealed about Eddie’s character from the following?


  • Beatrice’s comment: “I’m just afraid if it don’t turn out good you’ll be mad at me”.



This tells us that Eddie is a jealous man and that Beatrice as well as himself want time for each other to be together without all the family.



  • His pattern of 3 questions: “What’s all this about? Where’s she goin’?… What’s goin’ on?”


Eddie is very lost respecting Katie’s life and he is very conservative about her and doesn’t want her to call men’s attention.



  • His negative language: “No-no… not wonderful…never get nowheres… no job”.


He doesn’t agree with nothing. He can’t make up his mind and sends multiple mixed messages.



  • On debating Catherine’s job: “That ain’t what I wanted, though


This tells us about Eddie that, ad previously said, he can’t make up his mind and I’d a carry-on.


5) What sort of relationship does Eddie have with his wife?


Eddie and Beatrice are in a difficult relationship due to Katie’s integration. Catherine makes the relationship interrupted and doesn’t let them time for themselves. They constantly have to worry about everything leaving them with no time to worry about them. That’s way B is jealous of Katie.


6) Eddie directly calls Catherine a variety of affectionate terms, such as ‘Katie… kid… a baby…. A big girl…. Madonna(i.e. the Virgin Mary)… Garbo’- Discuss how each one gives a different view of Catherine in his eyes.


The ways in which Eddie calls Catherine reinforces what we said about him sending mixed messages. On the one hand he calls her ‘Katie… kid… a baby…” making her feel like he has no problem with her behaving as one. In the other hand he compares her to famous women. “Garbo” and “Madonna” are a few examples of the ways he calls her. Later on we find out that this is the way he really sees her.


1) What do the following suggest about Catherine’s character at the start of the play?


  • Her persistent repetition of the question “You like it?” to Eddie


Katie needs Eddie’s approval for everything and doesn’t want to disappoint him.


  • Her body language “[She sits on her heels beside him.]”


She feels protected by him so she stays close him.


  • She is “[almost in tears because he disapproves.]”


As before said, she needs Eddie’s approval to be happy herself, which is why she cries in this moment.


2) How does Beatrice backup Catherine’s case for taking the job?


The main reason Beatrice wants Katie to get the job is because she is not a baby anymore. This is what he uses as her main argument. But also secretly, she wants her to go to have some time alone with Eddie.


3)”Stay there! I’ll get it for you… Here! I’ll light it for you!’ To what extent do you think Catherine tries too hard to please Eddie and is therefore partly responsible for his possessiveness towards her?


Katie tries too hard to please Eddie because she feels Eddie tried to hard to please her and to take care of her when she was a child. She is always helping Eddie, and like that confusing him. Eddie acts as if she belonged to him and she couldn’t act for herself. I think this is katie’s fault.


4)How far are we surprised by Catherine’s question to Rodolpho regarding his marital status, bearing in mind her earlier focus on hum when he first arrived?


We are not at all surprised. Katie is from the beginning in love with Rodolpho and everything to do with him and from the beginning she wants to marry him.

5)How does Catherine react to Eddie’s suggestion that Rodolpho only wants to marry her to gain American citizenship?

She directly ignores this idea as she loves Rodolpho and is convinced Rodolpho loves her. She tells Eddie to shut up because it is all lies.


6)How important is Beatrice in Catherine’s development to womanhood?


B is extremely important for Katie’s development to womanhood. She does want her to go to work and to get married, contrary to Eddie.

One art – Elizabeth

One art, by Elizabeth Bishop

«The art of losing isn’t hard to master;
so many things seem filled with the int
to be lost that their loss is no disaster.
Lose something every day. Accept the fluster
of lost door keys, the hour badly spent.
The art of losing isn’t hard to master.
Then practice losing farther, losing faster:
places, and names, and where it was you meant
to travel. None of these will bring disaster.
I lost my mother’s watch. And look! my last, or
next-to-last, of three loved houses went.
The art of losing isn’t hard to master.
I lost two cities, lovely ones. And, vaster,
some realms I owned, two rivers, a continent.
I miss them, but it wasn’t a disaster.
—Even losing you (the joking voice, a gesture
I love) I shan’t have lied. It’s evident
the art of losing’s not too hard to master
though it may look like (Write it!) like disaster.» 
Our literature teacher gave us a task on Bishop’s poem, «One Art» [Here is the link to the task]
  1. I think that by «the art of losing» the writer refers to when you are forced to forget something or to get over it. At first, she is not so serious about it, and she mentions losing things not ‘that’ important, such as «keys», but then she starts mentioning things such as «cities[…]a continent[…],y mother’s watch[…] you». By mentioning a person, she takes the problem of losing to another level of serious, to a much higher one.
  2. I found the poem’s format/form very useful to understand it, as it helped organize things and make them clear. Also, she uses modern language, which makes it easier for us to read it
  3. The writer makes use of two main refrains that help for our understanding of the story. One is «The art of losing isn’t hard to master»/»The Art of losing’s not too hard to master», which she uses to show us the clear message that the poem tries to point out. The repetition of these sentences explain very well the poem and make it clearer. The meaning of this phrase changes as at first is says that is really easy to master, but then it is actually more difficult. The other one is «disaster», by using this word the author explains what losing/forgetting causes in life, this being not really a disaster at first, and then still, but looking like «(Write it!) Like disaster»
  4. We are supposed to believe that she overcome them, as although it may look like «Write it!) Like disaster» it «wasn’t a disaster».
  5. Probably not so much, as we would think that losing a «mother’s watch» or even a «continent», should actually be «a disaster». Instead, she says that although it may look like «(Write it!) Like disaster» it «wasn’t a disaster», which is kinda hard to believe.


One art                                                                                                                ↧


  • 19 lines
  • 6 stanzas (5 treats 1 quartrian)
  • 2 refrains
  • 2 rhymes

Stanza 1➝ SETS THE THEME➝ Losing is part of life so we should get used to it and deal with it. Enjambment (L 2-3)

Stanza 2➝ Pedantic tone (arrogant). Accept it! Losing is part of life (keys, hours). Enjambment (L 1-2)

Stanza 3➝ Loses are more significant but still not ‘that’ important

Stanza 4➝  Personal level➝ Mother’s watch➝ emotional significant

Refrain➝ it becomes more important. She’s lying to herself

Stanza 5➝  Loses = cities/rivers/a continent Can you own this- Difficult to understand the writer now.- «Miss»➝What? Who?

Stanza 6➝  The loss = a beloved person- She realized she should´t have lied to herself!➝ Epiphanic stanza (self-discovery)➝IT´S HARD TO COME TO TERMS WITH LOSS.➝ It IS a disaster, ACCEPT IT!

2 Endings Neggative ending She´s still young to herself and can’t recover from her loss                                                                                                                  Possitive ending She feel like a ¨disaster» but she can recover. Life goes on


The moving finger, Edith Wharton

After reading chapter 3 and 4 of the short-story, “The moving finger”, we were given a task.

[Here is the link to the task]

1. Make a summary of part 3 and Part 4

Chapter 3

This chapter starts with Grancy talking about his wife and his need for women, I quote “[…] I suppose: the need of a pair of eyes that should see with me, of a pulse that should keep time with mine.” He says that he used to be happy, that he used to enjoy life, he says that her woman, Mrs. Grancy lit his life “[…]she lit up the caverns and bridged the abysses!”. Then, he starts talking about the painting, how Claydon caught the beauty in her, and how he appreciated him for that. But after her death, that appreciation turned to ‘hate’. As a result, he asks him to repaint the painting so that it would ‘age’ with him and he agrees.

Chapter 4

This chapter commences with Mr. Grancy being very ill and that the painting is the only thing keeping him ‘alive’ and moving forward. In this part of the story, the painting is being kept at Claydon’s studio. Then, Claydon repaints the paint again, without asking, but in a strange way, in a way that represents Mr. Grancy’s dead. “She knows,” says Claydon, to explain the repaint. Meaning that “she”, painting, “knows” that Mr. Grancy is going to die

2. Why did Grancy have the portrait changed? Find a quote to prove your answer

This because, after his second wife’s death, he feels that the painting looks depressing, uncanny and weird. “[…]A look that seemed to say: ‘Don’t you see that I am lonely too?’ And all at once it came over me how she would have hated to be left behind!

3. What happens to Grancy and Claydon in the end? Quote

In the end of chapter 4, Mr. Grancy gets sick again, and later in chapter 5, he dies. Probably, this happened because of Claydon’s painting, of Mrs. Grancy ‘who’ was driving him crazy. Claydon, instead, was driven crazy by the end of the story. He was so manipulated by Mrs. Grancy’s memory in him, that he ended up so mad, that he ‘killed’ his friend and repaint the only remains of his wife, making her the beautiful image that was put in his mind when cheating. 

4. Explain the title

I think that the moving finger refers to different targets to point. For example, first, the finger would point to Mr. Grancy’s first wife, then the second, the painting, etc. This theory could be reinforced by all the changes of narrators, all the changings of targets.

Also, the title refers to how the ‘doer’ in this story is the second Mrs. Grancy. She manipulated Claydon and the Narrator to do what she wanted them to do.  She first dated the narrator and got married. Then, she cheated on him with Claydon. As a result, both of them felt ‘owners’ of her, I quote, «But now she belongs to me,». These were Claydon’s words,  showing evidence of how mad they both turned because of Mrs. Grancy’s charm, so, that the narrator’s friend turned his back on him and cheated with his woman. And later, by manipulating the only remain of his wife, the painting, slowly ‘killed’ him. So, the ‘finger’ would be Mrs. Grancy ‘moves’ to manipulate her puppets.

5. Can we say Grancy had 3 wives? Why?

Yes, we can. The three wives would be the first Mrs. Grancy, whose death turned Grancy into a ‘grown up’, the second Mrs. Grancy, the one that was painted, who allowed him to “burst into a flower”, and the painting, who kept him living and moving forward through illness.

6. What is uncanny in the story?

In this story, the uncanny thing would be the painting. Uncanny is when something familiar to us, in this case, the painting, turns into something terrifying, weird and creepy, and, most of the times, alive.

Analysis of «The moving finger»

Narrator ⇢  An instrumental character/ he has a viewpoint of the love triangle, and he tries to give order to the chaos this love affair provokes


Mr. Grancy:  2 wives + the portrait= 3                                                                        ↳Possessive ⇢  Mrs. Grancy is rarely out of the house                                    |                                                    ↳Later, entrapped by a portrait                                |                               Claydon describes her as «the right frame for him»        |                                                                                                                        ↓                              |                                                                              Foreshadows the future painting      |                                                                                                                                                        ↳ Gradual decoy ⇢ wife-portrait-ghost-voice

Mrs. Grancy: Beautiful & young                                                                                       ↳ Committed adultery & she was «punished» with an early death                  after 3 years of marriage                                                                                           ↳ «Punished» by her husband who trapped her in a portrait!                          (OBJECTIFIED)                                                                                ↓                                                                                                                                      TOOK REVENGE                                                                                                                 /                               \                                                                                         Grancy died        Claydon went mad

Claydon: «my masterpiece»                                                                                                     |                 ↳ exercising possesion                                                                                     ↳ visiting Mr. Grancy often just to see the painting                                         |                                                  (obsession)                                                                             ↳ Altered the portrait 3 times

MOTIF 3 ⇢ Holy trinity                                                                                                                                   |                                                                                                                                                  In this story «unholy»


  • Sin
  • Guilt
  • Madness
  • Remorse
  • Repentance
  • Adultery

Elegy for my father’s father

He knew in the hour he died
That his heart had never spoken
In eighty years of days.
O for the tall tower broken
Memorial is denied:
And the unchanging cairn
That pipes could set ablaze
An aaronsrod and blossom.
They stood by the graveside
From his bitter veins born
And mourned him in their fashion.
A chain of sods in a day
He could slice and build
High as the head of a man
And a flowering cherry tree
On his walking shoulder held
Under the lion sun.
When he was old and blind
He sat in a curved chair
All day by the kitchen fire.
Many nights he had seen
The stars in their drunken dancing
Through the burning-glass of his mind
And sober knew the green
Boughs of heaven folding
The winter world in their hand.
The pride of his heart was dumb.
He knew in the hour he died
That his heart had never spoken
In song or bridal bed.
And the naked thought fell back
To a house by the waterside
And the leaves the wind had shaken
Then for a child’s sake:
To waves all night awake
With the dark mouths of the dead.
The tongues of water spoke
And his heart was unafraid.

Now that we’ve read the poem, we are doing an obituary on the protagonist’s death

Here is mine!:


Mirror poem

Our literature teacher, told us to answer some questions about a poem we read.

  1. What is the effect of Plath’s choice to write the poem from a mirror’s perspective?
  2. Why do you think Plath switched the perspective from a mirror to a lake?
  3. Would this poem read differently if it had been written by a man? What about if a man was visiting the lake?
  4. How old do you think the woman in the poem is?
  5. Growing older is scary in this poem. When you think of yourself aging, is it scary like that “terrible fish”?

1- The effect on Plath’s choice to write from a mirror perspective, is because mirrors don’t lie, can’t lie. They only see your true you, your true image.

2-I believe he changed the perspective of the poem to the narrator being a lake, is because mirrors can look things exactly as they are. Instead, the image that a lake gives is or can be disturbed, just as human vision. What I mean is that the image a lake gives, is much more looking-like that how we see ourselves, because our brain distrubs it just as the lake does.

3- It all depends on what type of man wrote it. There are man that care about their image too, and viceversa.

4- I think this woman is very old, because she says that the woman in the lake is growing old, and I believe that she is THAT woman.

5- I don’t think growing old is scary, at least because I’m catholic. And although it is weird to think about, I think the ‘life before the life’ will be awesome

Writing task

Our history teacher told us to draw an object and do a poem about it

Trash can, by Manolo Padilla and Bautista Bravo

Always the trash I am receiving,

The tings that people waste,

My story is about dying,

Under the things that people hate.

Now I am a sea,

Fish live inside me,

And with the waste I eat,

 The life inside me they kill.