Archivo de la etiqueta: Evolution

Project on Darwin

The project for our last term was about Darwin. Here is the link to the task

 

DARWIN AND RELIGION

Intolerance

1- He disagrees with some of Darwin’s points in the book On the origin of species because he can’t be convinced that apes are human ancestors.

2-  They are friends and trust each other, they respect each other’s beliefs.


3- He embraced Darwin’s theory about all being coming from one common descendant but had difficulty agreeing with how far Darwin had taken it

4-  She fears they would have different opinions on religion and that is why she asks him to read an extract from the bible, she probably doesn’t want him to talk to her about it because she is afraid of what he may think.

2- We believe now there is a lot more tolerance than there was in Darwin’s times, because before people were a lot more strict when it came to religion, and whoever questioned it was bad. Now people are more free to express their ideas without being judged.

3-  Once, I had a discussion with a very religious friend about how I didn’t believe in god, he kept insisting that I was wrong because I had a different opinion. The conflict was solved by talking to him calmly and explaining how having a different point of view and different beliefs doesn’t mean someone is wrong.

4- We believe an issue that causes conflict in society is terrorism, many people do this kind of horrific acts because they believe they are beneficial in some way, terrorism is generally related to religion. But in the other side, the people who suffer from terrorist attacks are mostly innocent and don’t deserve to be hurt or die because of someone else’s belief.

 

5- We believe a possible solution for terrorism is educating the people for them to understand that that kind of acts are wrong and not beneficial for anyone, not even for themselves.

 

6- Tolerance is a crucial concept for people to live in harmony, we need to understand that if someone else has a different belief or opinion, it doesn’t mean its wrong or that person is an “enemy”. Tolerance is also a way of reducing terrorism.

 

What does Darwin believe? 

 

1-Letter questions

 

  1.  Darwin is not able to believe in an existing God, because he cannot see how a “beneficent and omnipotent” God would create Ichneumonidae, which are a family of parasitic wasps. This means that they feed on other animal’s bodies. He cannot understand how a good being would create such a bad thing, which is what many of us keep wondering to date.
  2. Darwin says this because he believes that his word is not stronger that religion. Religion was a very important thing in those times, and the idea of God not existing was radical.
  3. The letters clearly show how difficult it was for Darwin to believe in God. He wants to, but he is not able to. He cannot understand how a God, for example, would create bugs who´s lives are based on consuming other living organisms lives, or how a lighting, by natural laws, would kill a man, whether good or bad.. Charles believes that the amount of suffering the world and humanity go through has to be the result of a natural sequence of events, and not the willing of God.

 

2-Reasons why we might or not support the idea of God existing when there is so much misery in the world.

 

In favour Against
  • The existence of terrifying and bad things, such as, in Darwin’s words, Ichneumonidae.
  • The death of the good.
  • Illnesses and other causes of massive death.
  • The existence of bad in people created, according to the bible, to God’s (a benevolent being) image.
  • All the bad things are created by Satan.
  • We need death for the natural cycle to continue as it has
  • Every single organism is needed for nature
  • God gives us the possibility of choosing for ourselves, we choose to be bad

 

3-MiniInterview

 

Us: Do you believe in God besides your theory?

Darwin: No, I don’t, the idea that a beneficent God created this world bewilders me.

Us: Why do you deny the existence of God?

Darwin: I can’t see how a benevolent being would be the beginning of such and not benevolent world.

Us: Then, how do you think the world begun?

Darwin: I think we all come from the same, most simple organism. I still have a lot to think about this theory, so I am not yet able to give you a useful answer.

Evolution

Evolution

In the last classes of Biology, we have been studying Evolution and Natural and Human selection. We were asked to make a 5-line (approx.) summary of it.

Evolution is any change in the heritable traits within a population across generations. Traits are the little things that are specified in our DNA. For example, the color of the eyes, length of the fingers, amount of hair in the body, etc.

Descent with modification is the fact that when parents have children, those children will look and behave a little bit different from them. These changes happen because of random variation in the DNA of he offspring.

Natural selection is something that the nature does to make organisms take advantage of evolution. For example, if ‘nature’ doesn’t want frogs to be eaten by snakes, then a frog would be born with a frightening color. That way, when it reproduces, frogs with that color will not be eaten and the rest will die. This way frogs can keep existing.

When cells reproduce they divide themselves in two, and the two new cells grow back to the normal size. When they duplicate their nuclei is also duplicated, so the DNA is the same in both. But sometimes this might fail and the DNA may have changed. This is called DNA Mutation. This is another form of evolution.

When we reproduce the genes contatined in the DNA and traits of the mother and the father will mix, creating a new set of DNA.  This will be passed on the his/her children and DNA will keep changing. This is Evolution.