- The aim of the league was to solve international problems without resorting to war. Moreover, the League also aimed to discourage aggression from any Nation, to encourage countries to cooperate, to encourage nations to disarm and to improve the living and working condition of people in all countries.
- When Woodrow Wilson to the USA after signing the Treaty of Versailles he needed the approval of his Congress, the American Parlament.
- German immigrants didn’t want to join the league because the League was supposed to enforce the Treaty of Versailles, which basically was the punishment given to Germany post-world war one.
- The economic reason of why America didn’t join the League was that it imposed sanctions (which means, if a country was behaving aggressively, they would stop trading with her) and that might be American trade.
- Americans feared that the League would be dominated by Britain or France and that they would make them defend their empires.
- Serbia decided to take over Vilna because most of its population was Serbian, and not Lithuanian, due to the fact that Polland used to own that area. These were the kind of things that the League was supposed to stop, but when they realized that Polland could be a good ally against Germany they decided not to. Plus, the League of Nations had a really poor army, being incapable of taking down Polland.
- Upper Silesia was a very important region both for Poland and Germany because of its potential as an agricultural land and it’s resources.
- Upper Silesia was a land in between Germany and Polland. This area had a great agricultural potential, which is why both countries wanted it. During 1919-1921 there were riots between the fighting countries so the League had to intervene. What they did was separate the land between Germany, who received the biggest part, and Polland, who received the richest part.
- On October 7, 1920, the League arranged an armistice that gave the land of Vilna to Lithuania, however, two days later a Polish General took Lithuanian troops out of Vilna and conquered Vilna, establishing its government at Vilnius.
- When the Aaland’s islands were disputed by Finland and Sweden, because the area belongs to Finland, but most islands were Sweden, these countries decided to ask the League for help. With one of their first successes, the League decided that they should remain with Finland, but weapons could not be held there.
- Mussolini invades Corfu because one of his teams, led by Fellini, got murdered at Greece while trying to resolve the border conflict of Corfu between Greece and Albania.
- Because they let Italy take the money even though they were the ‘villain’ in the story, and when they did the same they had to pay.
- It weakened the League because as GB didn’t sign an influence was spread and more countries would rebel.
- Greece invaded Bulgaria because a soldier of her’s got murdered at the border of her.
- Greece complained because she had done the exact same thing as Italy, though Mussolini was paid, meanwhile, Greece had to pay.
After doing these questions we analyzed the conflicts by drawing maps of where they happened.
Vilna Conflict (1920)
- Border dispute between Poland and Lithuania
- Poland attacked Vilna (Lithuania) as after WW1, almost all of Vilna’s inhabitants were Polish.
- Lithuania went to the League of Nations but they did nothing as they weren’t yet prepared
Upper Silesia (1921)
- Border dispute between Poland and Germany
- Both of them wanted Upper Silesia because of it’s agricultural potential, but Germany had it at that time.
- They asked the League for help so it sent a plebiscite to Upper Silesian’s inhabitants.
- They decided that the rural part should go to Poland and the urban to Germany
Aaland Islands (1921)
- Border dispute between Sweden and Finland
- As both were peaceful they went to the LON for help
- The League decided that as Finland was closer they should get it.
Corfu Conflict (1923)
- Border conflict between Albania and Greece, both wanted Corfu
- They ask the League of help and Mussolini is put in charge of solving the conflict
- Mussolini sends Fellini and his team to Greece to discuss the problem
- Fellini and his team are murdered on Greece
- Full of anger, Mussolini invades Greece
- The Italians were forced to leave by the League but Greece had to pay an indemnity
- A Greek soldier got murdered because of accidentally entering Bulgaria
- Greece decided to invade Bulgaria seeking revenge
- The League took care of this by forcing Greek troops to leave Bulgaria and making them pay an indemnity
- Greece got furious because they said that it was unfair that when Italy did the same, they got paid instead of they themselves having to pay