In the last classes of Biology, we have been studying Evolution and Natural and Human selection. We were asked to make a 5-line (approx.) summary of it.
Evolution is any change in the heritable traits within a population across generations. Traits are the little things that are specified in our DNA. For example, the color of the eyes, length of the fingers, amount of hair in the body, etc.
Descent with modification is the fact that when parents have children, those children will look and behave a little bit different from them. These changes happen because of random variation in the DNA of he offspring.
Natural selection is something that the nature does to make organisms take advantage of evolution. For example, if ‘nature’ doesn’t want frogs to be eaten by snakes, then a frog would be born with a frightening color. That way, when it reproduces, frogs with that color will not be eaten and the rest will die. This way frogs can keep existing.
When cells reproduce they divide themselves in two, and the two new cells grow back to the normal size. When they duplicate their nuclei is also duplicated, so the DNA is the same in both. But sometimes this might fail and the DNA may have changed. This is called DNA Mutation. This is another form of evolution.
When we reproduce the genes contatined in the DNA and traits of the mother and the father will mix, creating a new set of DNA. This will be passed on the his/her children and DNA will keep changing. This is Evolution.
Imagine you are a journalist in USA in the 1920s. You have the opportunity of interviewing one of the leaders of the KKK. Write the interview you imagine you could make. (Bauti – Tomás – Manolo)
Journalist: Today we are here with the KKK leader, James A. Colescott, the Imperial Wizard. Shall we start with the questions? KKK Leader: Sure, Mr.
Journalist: Recently the Klan resurged in an attempt to eliminate the black people, what caused this resurging?
KKK Leader: Well, the movie “The birth of a Nation”
recently came out, it remembered us why we are here and why all Niggers should be dead.
Journalist: Ok, interesting. Don’t you think that Nigger is a strong word.
KKK Leader: It should be, it intimidates blacks and offends them, which is the right thing.
Journalist (shocked): Oh. How many participants does the Klan currently have? How do you recruit them?
KKK Leader: Well, first they apply for a membership“. Then we go to their homes to inspect them, ‘till we make sure they are 100% white. If they have another descendance we don’t accept them. Currently we have more than 50,000 people.
Journalist: I understand. What is your motivation for killing black people?
KKK leader: There are many reasons. We have fun killing them, we enjoy it. But the main one is that we want white people, real people to rule this world. Black people are just worthless. We kill them for hostility.
Journalist: Ok, one more question, what does Ku Klux Klan mean?
KKK Leader: Well, the Ku Klux part comes from the greek word Kuklos (Circle), and we added Klan. The name as one means White Racial Brotherhood. Also there are myths that the name is that because Ku Klux sounds like a rifle being charged.
En clase de Lengua, hicimos una presnetación en la que vamos describiendo las cosas que percibimos mientras escuchamos una sinfonía. En este caso, elegimos los primeros 3’30” de la sinfonía de la sinfonía de la primavera por Vivaldi.
The aim of the league was to solve international problems without resorting to war. Moreover, the League also aimed to discourage aggression from any Nation, to encourage countries to cooperate, to encourage nations to disarm and to improve the living and working condition of people in all countries.
When Woodrow Wilson to the USA after signing the Treaty of Versailles he needed the approval of his Congress, the American Parlament.
German immigrants didn’t want to join the league because the League was supposed to enforce the Treaty of Versailles, which basically was the punishment given to Germany post-world war one.
The economic reason of why America didn’t join the League was that it imposed sanctions (which means, if a country was behaving aggressively, they would stop trading with her) and that might be American trade.
Americans feared that the League would be dominated by Britain or France and that they would make them defend their empires.
Serbia decided to take over Vilna because most of its population was Serbian, and not Lithuanian, due to the fact that Polland used to own that area. These were the kind of things that the League was supposed to stop, but when they realized that Polland could be a good ally against Germany they decided not to. Plus, the League of Nations had a really poor army, being incapable of taking down Polland.
Upper Silesia was a very important region both for Poland and Germany because of its potential as an agricultural land and it’s resources.
Upper Silesia was a land in between Germany and Polland. This area had a great agricultural potential, which is why both countries wanted it. During 1919-1921 there were riots between the fighting countries so the League had to intervene. What they did was separate the land between Germany, who received the biggest part, and Polland, who received the richest part.
On October 7, 1920, the League arranged an armistice that gave the land of Vilna to Lithuania, however, two days later a Polish General took Lithuanian troops out of Vilna and conquered Vilna, establishing its government at Vilnius.
When the Aaland’s islands were disputed by Finland and Sweden, because the area belongs to Finland, but most islands were Sweden, these countries decided to ask the League for help. With one of their first successes, the League decided that they should remain with Finland, but weapons could not be held there.
Mussolini invades Corfu because one of his teams, led by Fellini, got murdered at Greece while trying to resolve the border conflict of Corfu between Greece and Albania.
Because they let Italy take the money even though they were the ‘villain’ in the story, and when they did the same they had to pay.
It weakened the League because as GB didn’t sign an influence was spread and more countries would rebel.
Greece invaded Bulgaria because a soldier of her’s got murdered at the border of her.
Greece complained because she had done the exact same thing as Italy, though Mussolini was paid, meanwhile, Greece had to pay.
After doing these questions we analyzed the conflicts by drawing maps of where they happened.
Vilna Conflict (1920)
Border dispute between Poland and Lithuania
Poland attacked Vilna (Lithuania) as after WW1, almost all of Vilna’s inhabitants were Polish.
Lithuania went to the League of Nations but they did nothing as they weren’t yet prepared
Upper Silesia (1921)
Border dispute between Poland and Germany
Both of them wanted Upper Silesia because of it’s agricultural potential, but Germany had it at that time.
They asked the League for help so it sent a plebiscite to Upper Silesian’s inhabitants.
They decided that the rural part should go to Poland and the urban to Germany
Aaland Islands (1921)
Border dispute between Sweden and Finland
As both were peaceful they went to the LON for help
The League decided that as Finland was closer they should get it.
Corfu Conflict (1923)
Border conflict between Albania and Greece, both wanted Corfu
They ask the League of help and Mussolini is put in charge of solving the conflict
Mussolini sends Fellini and his team to Greece to discuss the problem
Fellini and his team are murdered on Greece
Full of anger, Mussolini invades Greece
The Italians were forced to leave by the League but Greece had to pay an indemnity
A Greek soldier got murdered because of accidentally entering Bulgaria
Greece decided to invade Bulgaria seeking revenge
The League took care of this by forcing Greek troops to leave Bulgaria and making them pay an indemnity
Greece got furious because they said that it was unfair that when Italy did the same, they got paid instead of they themselves having to pay
Describe what we did last class (Wednesday) and the results today
You may add drawings or photos to be clearer
Last class we preapered flavourless jelly without cooling it to make it solid. Then, we decided that we wanted to watch bacteria reproduction, and as flavourless jelly is transparent and of an interesting solidity it was a nice thing to test it on.
To do this we had to choose between coughing on our hands, or touching dirty things such as the floor. We chose to cough and then we put our finger on the non-solid-yet jelly. All this we did on a petri dish which are used to grow bacteria.
Today, after 1 week we went to the lab to see the result of our bacteria growth. Our dish isn’t so dirty, so we can guess that one week ago our mouth was quite clean from bacteria. Instead, the people that chose to touch the floor got more disgusting results. Here is ours:
Our language teacher gave us a task on connectors. What we are supposed to do is to find how Roald Dahl uses connectors on his story, “Boy”, by finding 4 examples of each type of connector in the book. If we can’t find what we are supposed to find, we should create the example ourselves. The ones from the book will be between inverted commas and the ones I created will not.
“At first I only heard the crack…”
“…Mr. Coombes’s performance the second time…”
“The third one seemed worse than the second…”
“…Fifth Form next to them!”
“…But it was the result of tremendous…”
“Thus, the unsuspecting parents received…”
“I must tell you, therefore, that it was…”
Argentina didn’t win the world cup, so I got sad
“So indeed was the entire mantelpiece…”
“Quite obviously our opinions on anything…”
“…and acting generally like a man with some serious…”
“In fact, we often went the other way”
“If there are, for example, ten people…”
“…all manner of treasures, such as a magnet…”
I can do several things, for instance, play the guitar
I can’t do several things, namely, play baseball
“…just as the manly lover always did it”
“…the second time was the sameas the first”
Not only he is blind, but also deaf
This smell is similar to my house’s
“…they agreed to separate because each of them…”
I play football due to the fact that I like it
Since I like gaming, I play video games
I go to school as I am obliged to
“In addition to that, my father became…”
“…as well as her two unmarried sisters”
I play the guitar, and the piano too
I went to football and tennis classes
“It was, nevertheless a touching and generous…”
“Although they came from a simple family…”
“None of these things are important, but each of them…”
“Better even than the Welsh ones, despite the fact…”